Following the 2019 elections, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has emerged as India’s most powerful political force since the Congress in the 1980s. Drawing on Narendra Modi’s popularity and broad-based support cutting across caste and class, BJP cemented its strongholds in the Hindi heartland, while breaking new ground in West Bengal and Odisha.
BJP’s ascendancy has mirrored the Congress’ fall—the Grand Old Party failed to make any serious electoral gains following its 2014 nadir. All this will have important political and economic implications for India’s immediate and long-term future.
In a five-part series focusing on the five regions of India (north, south, east, west and central), Mint will analyse the election results to understand why these regions voted the way they did and what it could mean for the country’s political economy.
The first part of the series focuses on the South, the one region that remained mostly untouched by the Narendra Modi-inspired BJP wave and the only one with a meaningful Congress performance.